This lesson was authored by Mohtanick Jamil

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The Letters Laam, Meem and Noon

 

        The next letters of the Arabic alphabet are Laam, Meem and Noon

 

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ل

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م

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ن

 

        Laam, Meem and Noon are really nothing alike
But we group them together anyways

 

        Laam is pretty much like L
Meem is equivalent to M
Noon is equivalent to N

 

Listening & Pronouncing

 

        Laam sounds pretty much like L
But itís just a bit different

 

        Hereís how you pronounce Laam:
Pronounce the L sound
Notice that the tip of your tongue (and maybe a bit more) touches the roof of your mouth (close to your teeth)
Now make a bit more of your tongue touch your mouth
In other words, make your tongue a bit flatter against the roof of your mouth

 

        Compare L and Laam in the recordings below

 

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L using both pronunciations

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Laam using both pronunciations

 

        Thereís nothing much to say about Meem and Noon

 

        Exercise: repeat the words you hear

 

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        Exercise: repeat what you hear

 

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Reading & Writing

 

end

middle

beginning

by itself

ـل

ـلـ

لـ

ل

ـم

ـمـ

مـ

م

ـن

ـنـ

نـ

ن

 

        Remember that Aleph and Laam look similar
But Aleph does NOT connect to the next letter
Thatís enough to tell them apart

 

end

middle

beginning

by itself

ـا

ـا ـ

ا ـ

ا

ـل

ـلـ

لـ

ل

 

        Also, when Aleph comes after Laam, Aleph becomes slightly curved

 

لا

 

        Meem has a tiny loop

 

end

middle

beginning

by itself

ـق

ـقـ

قـ

ق

ـم

ـمـ

مـ

م

 

        The loop of the Meem is smaller
And you write the loop of the Meem starting from the bottom
You can tell itís written starting from the bottom
But the loop of Faa and Qaaf is very round

 

        Remember that you write the loop of Saad/Daad starting from the top
But the loop of Meem starts from the bottom

 

end

middle

beginning

ـص

ـصـ

صـ

ـم

ـمـ

مـ

 

        Note that when Noon is by itself or at the end, the body is a deep curve
But when itís in the beginning or middle, the body is identical to Baa/Taa/THaa

 

end

middle

beginning

by itself

ـب

ـبـ

بـ

ب

ـت

ـتـ

تـ

ت

ـث

ـثـ

ثـ

ث

ـن

ـنـ

نـ

ن

 

        You can think of the Noon body (by itself or at the end) as a deep curve
Or as the loop at the end of the Saad/Daad body with a dot on top

 

ص

ن

 

Or as a Zaal with the body rotated almost 90 degrees

 

ذ

ن

 

        Use the single-dot of Noon to differentiate between it and Baa, Taa and THaa

 

        Exercise: copy the following words
(Optional) try to read the ones you can

 

جوعان، ريان، لامك، نعمان

معن، سلم، حِنْثِ، رَيالُ

أَلَسْكَنْدَرْ، مِقْدارُ، منوال، بِنْتَ

 

        Exercise: beside each word below, put the letter of the recording that matches it

 

نِعْمَ

F 

 

A

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زَعْلانَ

C 

 

B

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سَلاسِلَ

H 

 

C

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مِرْفَقَ

B 

 

D

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لِسانَ

D 

 

E

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نِحْلَةَ

A 

 

F

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كَلِمَةُ

G 

 

G

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لُقْمانَ

E 

 

H

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