This lesson was authored by Mohtanick Jamil

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Review 1

 

        Arabic is read from right to left

        The alphabet has 29 letters

        Basically all the letters are consonants

 

ث

ت

ب

TH like in ďbathĒ

soft T

B

 

        Vowels are not written, but they are pronounced of course

        There are 3 of them and they are little ticks on top or underneath a letter

        If a letter has a vowel on top / underneath it, it means the vowel come after that letter

 

بَ

BA

 

        Arabic also has 3 long vowels

        These ARE part of the alphabet

        Each long vowel matches a short vowel and makes it sound longer (about twice the length of the short version)

 

بَا

BAA

 

        Words are made up of a group of letters connected to each other

        Some letters, though, canít connect to the following letter

        So there will be a very small space between that letter and the next one

        Each letter is made of a body and maybe some dots

        The body of each letter has 4 forms

o   when itís by itself

o   when itís in the beginning of a word

o   when itís in the middle of a word

o   when itís at the end of a word

 

End

Middle

Beginning

 

ـا

ـا ـ

ا ـ

ا

ـب

ـبـ

بـ

ب

ـت

ـتـ

تـ

ت

ـث

ـثـ

ثـ

ث

 

        The connection lines you see in the table above are exaggerated

        Connection lines are usually extremely tiny

        Letters are usually recognized by the number and position (above/below) of the dots, and certain qualities of the body (like loops, angles, lines)

 

Practice

 

        How many letters and vowels do you recognize in the following recordings? You might need to listen to each a dozen times or more

 

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Answer [2 Baa, 2 Taa, 1 THaa, 7 Aleph, 4 Fatha (+1 hard to notice)]

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Answer [2 Baa, 6 Taa (+1 doubled), 0 THaa, 4 Aleph, 13 Fatha]

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Answer [0 Baa, 0 Taa, 0 THaa, 6 Aleph, 9 Fatha (+1 hard to notice)]

 

        How many letters and vowels do you recognize in the following texts?

 

جَرَحاتُ اللِسانِ لَها التِيامُ††††††††† وَلا يَلْتامُ ما جَرَحَ اللِسانُ

Answer [10 Aleph, 0 Baa, 3 Taa, 0 THaa, 8 Fatha]

 

فَقُلتُ ءَيا رَباهُ ءَوَلُ سُؤلَتِي††††††††† لِنَفسِيَ لَيْلى ثُمَ ءَنتَ حَسِيبُها

Answer [3 Aleph, 2 Baa, 3 Taa, 1 THaa, 13 Fatha]

 

        Copy each of the below and try to pronounce them

 

ثابَتَ

ثَبَتَ