This lesson was authored by Mohtanick Jamil

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The Letters Faa, Qaaf and Kaaf

 

        The next letters of the Arabic alphabet are Faa, Qaaf and Kaaf

 

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ف

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ق

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ك

 

        These letters donít really look the same
And only two of them sound the same
But they are typically grouped together anyways

 

        Faa is equivalent to the English letter F
Qaaf is represented by the letter Q; it sounds like K except itís ďdeeperĒ
Kaaf is equivalent to the English letter K or C

 

Listening & Pronouncing

 

        Faa sounds exactly like F

 

        Exercise: do you hear a Faa in the following recordings?

 

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Answer [NO]

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Answer [1]

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Answer [2]

 

        The sound of Qaaf is close to the sound of K
But hereís how you really pronounce it:
Make the K sound
Note which part of your tongue hits the roof of your mouth
Donít use this part; use a part of your tongue further back than this
The back of your tongue should be hitting the opening of your throat

 

        Exercise: repeat the words you hear

 

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        Kaaf sounds exactly like K
The same part of your tongue hits the same area on the roof of your mouth as when you pronounce K

 

        Exercise: which recording in each pair has the Qaaf, and which has the Kaaf?

 

1

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Answer [3 Qaaf]

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Answer [1 Kaaf]

 

2

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Answer [1 Qaaf]

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Answer [2 Kaaf]

 

3

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Answer [2 Qaaf]

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Answer [2 Kaaf]

 

Reading & Writing

 

end

middle

beginning

by itself

ـف

ـفـ

فـ

ف

ـق

ـقـ

قـ

ق

ـك

ـكـ

كـ

ك

 

        Faa and Qaaf look the same in 2 of the 4 cases (a small loop)
But remember, sometimes you differentiate letters by the body, and sometimes you differentiate them by the number and position of the dots
Faa has 1 dot and Qaaf has 2 dots

 

        Plus, when the letter is by itself or at the end, the Faa tail is long and the Qaaf tail is round

 

        Kaaf is like a backwards L

 

        Kaaf has a special squiggle instead of a dot
This squiggle goes away when itís in the middle or beginning of a sequence

 

        When Kaaf is in the middle or beginning, the body kind of changes
It looks like a giant < (less than) sign
Or kind of like an S

 

        Exercise: read the following words to the best of your ability
Some letters will be new
Learn to recognize what youíve seen and what you havenít

 

عَقْعَقِ

فُرْقانَ

تَضَرُّعْ

كَفالَةِ

سَفَرْجَلْ

طُفْرُ

إِشْتَبَكَ

سُكَّرْ

كافَّ

فِرْقَتُكْ

حَبَطِقْطِقْ

سُرادِقُ

 

        Exercise: write the word you hear

 

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Answer [تَقَرُّرْ]

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Answer [تَكْرارْ]

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Answer [قَفْرِ]

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Answer [قَرُبَ]

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Answer [كَرُبَ]