This lesson was authored by Mohtanick Jamil

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The Letters Taa and Zaa

 

        The next letters of the Arabic alphabet are Taa and Zaa

 

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ط

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ظ

 

        They have the same body except Zaa has a dot on top of the loop, to right of the line

 

        Taa is NOT the Taa we know from Baa Taa THaa
The sound is similar but this one is much deeper

 

        Zaa sounds a lot like Zaal and Zeiy
But Zaa is much deeper than either of those two
Weíll talk about the differences shortly

 

Listening & Pronouncing

 

        ط is a much deeper and ďthickerĒ version of ت
Letís compare the two sounds:

 

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بَت and بَط

 

        ط is pronounced the same way as ت
Your tongue touches the part where your top central incisors meet your gums

ImageSource: http://www.gtchild.co.uk/content/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=39&Itemid=66

 

        But there are some subtle differences

o   When you pronounce ت your tongue stays almost flat, but when you pronounce ط the center of your tongue sinks down

 

        Exercise: repeat the words you hear

 

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Answer [1 Taa]

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Answer [1 Taa]

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Answer [1 Taa (doubled)]

 

        Exercise: read the words below

 

شَطَطِ

طَبَخُ

تُراثَ

بَطاطِسُ

طارَتِ

تُطا...

 

        Zaa is a much deeper version of Zaal
Letís compare the two:

 

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بَذ and بَظ

 

Image

Source: http://www.gtchild.co.uk/content/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=39&Itemid=66

 

        Zaa and Zaal are pronounced pretty much the same
The tip of your tongue touches the bottom of your top central incisors

 

        But there are some differences

o   When you pronounce Zaa the center of your tongue sinks down, but when you pronounce Zaal it does not sink that much (or at all)

 

        Exercise: repeat the words you hear

 

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Answer [1 Zaa]

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Answer [1 Zaa]

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Answer [1 Zaa]

 

        Exercise: repeat the words below

 

ظَرُبَ

حَظُ

ذُبِحَ

 

        Exercise: which recording in the pair has the ت and which has the ط?

 

1

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Answer [ت]

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Answer [ط]

 

2

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Answer [ت]

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Answer [ط]

 

3

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Answer [ط]

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Answer [ت]

 

        Exercise: which recording has the Zaal, which has the Zeiy and which has the Zaa?

 

1

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Answer [ذ]

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Answer [ز]

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Answer [ظ]

 

2

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Answer [ز]

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Answer [ذ]

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Answer [ظ]

 

3

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Answer [ز]

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Answer [ظ]

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Answer [ذ]

 

Reading & Writing

 

        The Taa/Zaa body is a loop followed by a vertical line
The loop is a lot like the loop of ص and ض, but thereís no cusp

 

end

middle

beginning

by itself

ـط

ـطـ

طـ

ط

ـظ

ـظـ

ظـ

ظ

 

        To write the Taa/Zaa body:
Start from a point
Make a loop by going up and to the right
Then complete the loop
When the loop is done, lift your pen and draw the vertical line from top to bottom

 

        The line of Taa/Zaa is like crossing Tís and dotting Iís in English
You usually do it when youíre done writing the whole word
And the same goes for dots in Arabic

 

        When people write by hand, they sometimes end up putting the line of the Taa/Zaa body very close to the loop, or even on top of it
Thatís okay

 

        Exercise: copy the following words to the best of your ability

 

ظريف

غيظ

ارسطاطاليس

 

        Careful not to confuse the line of Taa/Zaa with an Aleph
The line of Taa/Zaa will always have the Taa/Zaa loop before it

 

        Exercise: do you see an Aleph in the following words?

 

ضامر

Answer [YES]

 

ظالم

Answer [YES]